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      标题:气象因素对乌鲁木齐慢性支气管炎患者急性发作的影响
      作者:李争,李风森,高振,徐丹,荆晶
    (1.新疆医科大学第四附属医院呼吸科,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830000;
2.新疆·国家中医临床研究基地,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830000;
3.新疆呼吸病研究实验室,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830000)
      卷次: 2016年27卷13期
      【摘要】 目的 探讨新疆乌鲁木齐地区2009-2013年慢性支气管炎患者急性发作情况与气象因素变化的相关
性,为预防慢性支气管炎急性发作提供依据。方法 收集新疆维吾尔自治区中医医院2009-2013年各月因慢性支
气管炎急性发作住院治疗的本地患者7 761例次。同时收集乌鲁木齐市2009-2013年各月的平均气温、平均降水
量、平均日照时数、平均风速、平均气压及月最高、最低温度差值。分析各气象因素与慢性支气管炎发病的相关性,
利用多元逐步回归分析筛选出对慢性支气管炎发病有显著影响的气象因素,并建立回归方程。结果 乌鲁木齐地
区慢性支气管炎急性发作与月平均气温(r=-0.725)、平均日照时数(r=-0.605)、平均风速(r=-0.604)呈显著负相关;与
平均气压(r=0.859)、平均空气湿度(r=0.618)及最高、最低温度差值(r=0.636)呈正相关,与月平均降水量(r=0.022)无
显著相关性。采用多元线性回归的逐步回归筛选法,得到慢支(Y)关于气压(X1)、日照时数(X2)的回归方程为:
Y=-21 102.735+21.122X1+0.895X2。结论 对乌鲁木齐地区慢性支气管炎急性发作住院患者人数产生影响的气候
因素包括气温、气压、湿度、风速、日照时数等多个因素,月最大温差为新疆特有的影响慢性支气管炎急性发作的气
象因素。

      【关键词】 乌鲁木齐;慢性支气管炎;急性发作;气象因素;相关性

      【中图分类号】 R562.2+1 【文献标识码】 A 【文章编号】 1003—6350(2016)13—2107—03

Influence of meteorological factors on acute exacerbation of patients with chronic bronchitis. LI Zheng, LI
Feng-sen, GAO Zhen, XU Dan, JING Jing. 1. Department of Respiratory, the Fourth Hospital Affiliated to Xinjiang Medical
University, Urumqi 830000, Xinjiang, CHINA; 2. National Chinese Medicine Research Base in Xinjiang, Urumqi 830000,
Xinjiang, CHINA; 3. Respiratory Disease Research Laboratory in Xinjiang, Urumqi 830000, Xinjiang, CHINA

      【Abstract】 Objective To study the correlation of meteorological factor and acute exacerbation of patients with
chronic bronchitis in Urumqi from 2009 to 2013, to provide the basis for chronic bronchitis acute attack prevention.
Methods A total of 7 761 cases of chronic bronchitis acute exacerbation, who admitted to Traditional Chinese Medicine
Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from 2009 to 2013. At the same time, the data of Urumqi monthly aver-
age temperature, average rainfall, average sunshine time, average atmospheric pressure, average wind speed, maximum and
minimum temperature difference value were collected. The correlation between meteorological factors and incidence of
acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis was analyzed. Multiple stepwise regression analysis was used to pick out the mete-
orological factors which have significant influence on the onset of chronic bronchitis, and establish the regression equation.
·论 著·
6350.2016.13.015


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